other operations get a scope for their application; cf. सर्वविधिभ्यो लोपविधिर्बलीयान् Par.Śek. Pari. 93.
लोमश्य the utterance of an aspirate letter rather harshly, with a stress on it, when that utterance is look- ed upon as a fault; cf. ऊष्मणां घोषाणां लोमश्यमसौकुमार्ये क्ष्वेडनम् अधिको वर्णस्य ध्वनिः Uvvața on R. Pr. XIV.6.
लोमादि a class of words headed by the word लोमन् to which the tad. affix, श, in the sense 'possessed of' is added optionally along with the usual affix मत् ( मतुप् ); e.g. लोमशः, लोमवान्, रोमशः रोमवान् बभ्रुशः, हरिशः, कपिशः etc. cf. Kas. on P. V.2.100.
लोहितादि (1)a class of words headed by लोहित to which the affix क्यव् (य) is added in the sense of 'becoming', to form a denominative root-base which gets the verb-endings of both the padas; e. g. लोहितायति, लोहितायते; निद्रायति, निद्रायते; the class लोहितादि is considered as अाकृतिगण so that simi- lar denominative verb-bases could be explained; cf. Kas. on P.III.1. 13; (2) a class of words headed by लेहित, to which the fem. affix ष्फ ( अायनी ) is added after they have got the taddhita affix यञ् added to them in the sense of 'a grandchild'; e. g. लौहित्यायनी, कात्या- यनी etc.; cf Kas. on P. IV. 1.18.
लौकिक prevalent in common utter- ance of the people as contrasted with वैदिक;cf.यथा लौकिकवैदिकेषु कृतान्तेषु M.Bh.on Āhnika 1.See लोक above.
ल्यप् krt affix य substituted for the gerund termination क्त्वा when the root,to which त्वा has been applied, is preceded by a prefix with which it (the root with the affix) is com- compounded; cf. समासेऽनत्र्पूर्वे क्त्वो ल्यप् P. VII. 1. 37.
ल्यु krt affix यु changed into अन in the sense of an agent applied to the
root नन्द् and others (after which it is seen actually used in language); e.g. नन्दनः, दूषणः, साधन:, रोचन: cf. नन्दिग्रहिपचादिभ्यो ल्युणिन्यचः P.III.1.134.
ल्युट् krt affix अन in the sense of verbal activity as also in the sense of an 'abode' or 'an instrument'; cf. P. III.3.113,115, 116, 1 17.
ल्वादि a class of roots, headed by the root लू, the past. pass.part. affix त placed after which becomes changed into न; e.g. लून:, लूनवान्; जीनः, जीनवान्; etc. cf. Kas. on P.VII. 2.44.
व् (1) fourth letter of the class of consonants headed by य्, which are looked upon as semi-vowels; व् is a dental, soft, non-aspirate consonant pronounced as ब् in some provinces and written also sometimes like ब्, especially when it stands at the beginning of a word; (2) substitute for उ which is followed by a vowel excepting उ; e. g, मधु+अरि: = मध्वरिः; cf. इको यणचि P. VI. I. 77; (3) the con- sonant व्, which is sometimes uttered with very little effort when it is at the end of a word and followed by a vowel or a semi- vowel, or a fifth, fourth or third consonant or the consonant ह्. In such cases it is called लघूच्चारण; cf. यस्योच्चारणे जिह्वाग्रोपाग्रमध्यमूलानां शैथिल्यं जायते स लघूच्चारण: S. K. on P.VIII.3. 18;(4) solitary remnant of the affi- xes क्विप्,क्विन्, ण्वि and the like, when the other letters which are mute are dropped and the affix क्वप् or the like becomes a zero affix. This व् also is finally dropped; cf. वेरपृक्तस्य P. VI.1.67.
व (1) the semivowel व्; see व्; (2)