पृष्ठम्:ADictionaryOfSanskritGrammarByMahamahopadhyayaKashinathVasudevAbhyankar.djvu/३०७

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यर्
याजकादि
291

हयवरट्) and ending before the mute letter य् ( in कपय् ) i.e. all consonants except श्, ष्, स्, and ह्; cf. अनुस्वारस्य ययि परसवर्णः P.VIII 4. 58 by which an anusvara is changed into a cognate letter of the following which is a letter included in यय्.

यर् a short term ( प्रत्याहृार ) for any consonant except ह्, which, (1) standing at the end of a word is optionally changed to the nasal consonant of its class if followed by a nasal letter; cf. यरोनुनासिकेनु- नासिकेा वा P. VIII.4.45: and (2) is doubled if preceded by र् or ह् as also if preceded by a vowel but not followed by a vowel; e.g. अर्क्कः, दद्धयत्र; cf. अन्वॊ रहाभ्यां द्वे; अनचि- च P. VIII.4.46,47.

यल् tad. affix य in the sense of posse- ssion found in Vedic Literature added optionally with the affix ख (ईन)to the words वेशोभग and यशोभग; e.g वेशोभग्य; वेशोभगीनः यशोभग्य:, यशोभागिन:; cf. P.IV.4.131.

यलोप dropping of the consonant य् which prevents the validity of a changed letter ( स्थानिवद्भाव ); cf. न पदान्तद्विर्वचनवरेयलोप......विधिषु P.I.1.58.

यवमध्य lit. having the centre bulging out like the Yava grain; name given to a variety of the Gayatri which has 7 letters in the first and third (last) feet and 10 letters in the second i.e. the middle foot; the name is also given to a Maha- brhati having the first and the last feet consisting of 8 letters and the middle one consisting of 12 syllables: cf R.Pr.XVI.18 and 48.

यवर्ग the class of the consonants headed by य् i.e. the semi-vowels य, व्, र and लू

यवादि a class of words headed by the word यव, the taddhita affix मत्

after which does not get the con- sonant मृ changed into व् although the affix मत् be added to a word ending in म् or अ, or having म् or अ as the penultimate letter; e. g. यवमान् , ऊर्मिमान् , भूमिमान् etc.: cf. Kas. on P.VIII.2.9. This यवादिगण is looked upon as आकृतिगण

यश:कवि a grammarian, the author of a treatise named Bhasanusasana.

यश:सागर a Jain grammarian, the author of a work named Samasa- sobha.

यशोवर्मदेव the same as यक्षवर्मन् the author of ' चिन्तामणि ' a commen- tary on the Sabdanussana of Sakatyana.

यस् tad. affix य with mute स् to indi- cate the application of the term पद to the preceding base as a con- sequence of which the final म् of the words कम् and शम्, after which यस् is prescribed, gets changed into anusvara e. g. कंयु:, दंयु:: cf P.V.2.138.

यस्कादि words headed by the word यस्क, the affixes in the sense of ’a descendant' placed after which are elided and the words are to be used in the plural number in the masculine gender; e. g. यस्का:; cf Kas. on P. II.4.63.

या substitute for a case affix in Vedic Literature; e.g. उरुया, धृष्णुया for उरुणा, धृष्णुना, cf. सुपां सुलुक्o P.VII. 1.39.

याच् substitute for a case affix found and in Vedic Literature; e. g. साधुया for साधु: cf. सुपां सुलुक् .. ... याजाल: P. VII. 1. 39.

याजकादेि a class of words headed by the words याजक, पूजक, परिचारक and others with which a word in the genitive case is compounded, in spite of the prohibition of compounds with such words, laid down by the