पृष्ठम्:ADictionaryOfSanskritGrammarByMahamahopadhyayaKashinathVasudevAbhyankar.djvu/२७०

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प्रस्ताव
प्रग्देशा
254

श्रयपूर्वसिद्धिभिः, R. Pr. XI.34 where the Kramapatha is said to be one which was not established before the Samhitapatha; (2) known ; cf. अनिटि प्रसिद्धे क्सो भविष्यति M. Bh. on P. III. 1.45 Vart. 4, लोकत एते शब्दाः प्रसिद्धाः स्त्री पुमान् नपुंसकमिति M. Bh. on P. IV. 1.3: (3) brought about, accomplished, realized; तथास्य छः प्रसिद्धो भवति M. Bh. on P. IV. 1.89 Vart. 2, सर्वत्रैव जश्त्वेन सिद्धं स्यात् , M. Bh. on P.VIII 2.25

प्रस्ताव context, topic, the same as प्रकरण which see above; cf, प्रस्तावः प्रकरणम् । यथा भोजनप्रकरणे सैन्धवमानयेति लवणे प्रतीतिर्गमनप्रकरणे त्वश्वे, Kaiy. on M. Bh. I. 1.23 Vart. 4.

प्रस्वार a word or utterance in three matras or moras; cf. स ओमिति प्रस्वरति त्रिमात्रः प्रस्वारः स्थाने स भवत्युदात्तः R. Pr. XV.3 whereon Uvvata remarks त्रिमात्र: प्रस्वारः । See the word ओंकार

प्राक् before a particular thing in place, or in recital, or in mention. The word is used generally to show the limit upto which a particular topic extends; cf. तसि- लादयः प्राक् पाशपः; cf also प्राक् कडारा- त्समासः P. I. 4.l : cf. also अथ आख्याः समाम्नायाधिकाः प्राग्रिफितात् V. Pr. I. 33.

प्राकृत (1) original, primary,belonging to the Prakrti as contrasted with a वैकृत modification or a modified thing; cf प्रकृतिः स्वभावः, तत्संबन्धी प्राकृतः. com. on T. Pr. XIV. 28: cf. एतद्विकारा एवान्ये, सर्वे तु प्राकृताः समाः R. Pr. XVII. 23; cf. also तहीन् ... पशूंस्तकारपरः ( नकारः ) सकारं प्राकृतो नित्ये T. Pr. VI. 14; (2) natural, which can be so ordinarily, without any specific effort; cf. तस्मात् प्राकृत- मेवैतत् कर्म यथा कटं करोति, M. Bh. on P. II. 3.5, cf. also M. Bh. on P. III 1.5 Vart. 8, 9.

प्राकृतसर्वस्य a treatise on the gra-

mmar of Prakrta Languages attri- buted to Markandeya

प्राक्कीतीय name given to a group of tad, affixes छ, यत् and others pres- cribed in the different senses ( हित and others) given in rules upto तेन क्रीतम् P.V. 1.37 from तस्मै हितम् P. V. 1.5.

प्रागिवीय name given to tad. affixes mentioned in rules from P. V. 3.27 upto P. V. 3.95.

प्राग्घितीय name given to tad. affixes prescribed by rules beginning with प्राग्हिताद्यत् P. IV. 4.75 and ending with सोदराद्यः P. IV. 4.109.

प्राग्दिशीय name given to tad. affixes prescribed in rules from P. V, 3.1 to 25.

प्राग्दीव्यतीय name given to tad. affixes prescribed by rules beginning with तस्य विकारः P. IV. 3.134 and ending with the rule कंसीयपरशव्य- योर्यञञौ लुक् च P. IV. 3.168.

प्राग्देश districts of the east especially districts to the east of Ayodhya and Pataliputra, such as Maga- dha, Vanga and others; nothing can definitely be said as to which districts were called Eastern by Panini and his followers Katya- yana and Patanjali. A Varttika given in the Kasika but not traceable in the Mahabhasya defines Pragdesa as districts situat- ed to the east of शरावती (probably the modern river Ravi or a river near that river ): cf. प्रागुदञ्चौ विभजते हंसः क्षीरोदके यथा । विदुषां शब्द- सिद्ध्यर्थे सा नः पातु शरावती ॥ Kas. on एङ् प्राचां देशे P. I. 1.75. There is a reading सरस्वती in some manus- cript copies and सरस्वती is a well- known river in the Punjab near Kuruksetra, which disappears in the sandy desert to the south: a reading इरावती is also found and