विकिस्रोतः तः
नेविगेशन पर जाएँ खोज पर जाएँ
पुटमेतत् सुपुष्टितम्

combinations. When, however, an operation is prescribed for two or more padas, it is necessary that the two padas or words must be syntactically connectible; cf. समर्थः पदविधिः P. II.1.1.

पदविराम pause between two words measuring two mātrās, or equal to the time required for the utter- ance of a long vowel; e. g. in इषे त्वोर्जे त्वा, the pause between इषे and त्वा is measured by two mātrās; cf. पदविरामो द्विमात्रः T. Pr. XXII.13.Some Prātiśākhya texts declare that the pause between two words is of one mātra as at avagraha; cf. R Pr. II.1 and R. T. 35-38.

पदव्यवस्थासूत्रकारिका a metrical work on the determination of the pada or padas of the roots attri- buted to Vimalakīrti.

पदव्यवस्थासूत्रकारिकाटीका a short gloss on the पदव्यवस्थासूत्रकारिका written by Udayakīrti, a Jain grammarian

पदसंस्कारपक्ष an alternative view with वाक्यसंस्कारपक्ष regarding the forma- tion of words by the application of affixes to crude bases. Ac- cording to the Padasamskāra al- ternative, every word is formed independently, and after forma- tion the words are syntactically connected and used in a sentence. The sense of the sentence too, is understood after the sense of every word has been understood; cf. सुविचार्य पदस्यार्थं वाक्यं गृह्णन्ति सूरयः Sira. on Pari. 22. According to the other alternative viz. वाक्यसंस्कारपक्ष, a whole sentence is brought before the mind and then the constitu- ent individual words are formed e.g. राम +सु, गम् + अ + ति । Both the views have got some advantages and some defects; cf. Par. Sek. Pari. 56.

पदस्फोट expression of the sense by the whole word without any con- sideration shown to its division into a base and an affix. For inst- ance, the word रामेण means 'by Rama' irrespective of any consider- ation whether न is the affix or इन is the affix which could be any of the two, or even one, different from the two; cf. उपायाः शिक्षमाणानां वालानामपलापनाः Vākyapadīya II.240.

पदादि (1) beginning of a word, the first letter of a word; cf. सात्पदाद्योः P. VIII.3.111; cf. also स्वरितो वानुदात्ते पदादौ P. VIII.2.6. Patañjali, for the sake of argument has only once ex- plained पदादि as पदादादिः cf. M.Bh.on I. 1. 63 Vāŗt. 6; (2) a class of words headed by the word पद् which is substituted for पद in all cases ex- cept the nom. and the acc. sin- gular and dual; this class, called पदादि, contains the substitutes पद् , दत्, नस् etc. respectively for पाद दन्त, नासिका etc. cf. Kās on P. VI. 1.63; (3) the words in the class, called पदादि, constiting of the words पद्, दत्, नस्, मस् हृत् and निश् only, which have the case affix after them accented acute; cf. P. VI. 1.171.

पदादिविधि a grammatical operation specifically prescribed for the ini- tial letter of a word.

पदाधिकार the topic concerning padas i.e. words which are regularly formed, as contrasted with words in formation. Several grammatical operations, such as accents or euphonic combinations, are speci- fically prescribed together by Pāņini at places which are said to be in the Padādhikāra formed by sūtras VIII.1.16 to VIII.3.54.

पदान्त final letter of a word; cf. P. VI.1.76, 109; VII.3.3, 9; VIII.