पृष्ठम्:गणितसारसङ्ग्रहः॒रङ्गाचार्येणानूदितः॒१९१२.djvu/२०१

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एतत् पृष्ठम् परिष्कृतम् अस्ति
5
CHAPTER I--TERMINOLOGY.


Terminology relating to (the measurement of) Time

32. The time in which an atom (moving) goes beyond another atom (immediately next to it) is a samaya; innumerable samayas make an āvali.

33. A measured number of āvalis makes an ucchvāsas; seven ucchvāsas make one stōka; even stōkas make one lava, and with thirty-eight and a half of this the ghațī is formed.

34. Two ghațīs make one muhūrta ; thirty muhūrtas make one day; fifteen days make one pakşa ; and two pakşasare taken to be a month.

35. Two months make one ŗtu ; three of these are understood to make one ayana; two of these form one year. Next, I give the grain-measure.

Terminology relating to (the measurement of ) Grain.

38. Know that four șōdaśikas form here one kuḍaha ; four kuḍahas one prastha ; and four prasthas one āḍhaka.

37. Four āḍhaka make one drōņa, and four times one drōņa make one mānī ; four mānīs make one khārī; five khārīs make one pravartikā.

38. Four times that same (pravartikā) is a vāha; five pravartikās make one kumbha. After this the terminology relating to the measurement of gold is described.

Terminology relating to (the measurement of) Gold.

89. Four gaņḍakas make one guñjā ; five guñjās make one paņa, and eight of this (paņa) make one dharaņa; two dharaņas make one karșa, and four karșas make one pala.

Terminology relating to (the measurement of) Silver

40. Two grains make one guñjā ; two guñjās make one māșa ; sixteen māșas are said here to make one dharaņa.

41. Two and a half of that dharaņa make one karsa; four purānas (or karsa) make one pala--so say persons well versed in calculation in respect of the measurement of silver according to the standard current m Magadha.