Terminology relating to (the measurement of) Time
32. The time in which an atom (moving) goes beyond another atom (immediately next to it) is a samaya; innumerable samayas make an āvali.
33. A measured number of āvalis makes an ucchvāsas; seven ucchvāsas make one stōka; even stōkas make one lava, and with thirty-eight and a half of this the ghațī is formed.
34. Two ghațīs make one muhūrta ; thirty muhūrtas make one day; fifteen days make one pakşa ; and two pakşasare taken to be a month.
35. Two months make one ŗtu ; three of these are understood to make one ayana; two of these form one year. Next, I give the grain-measure.
Terminology relating to (the measurement of ) Grain.
38. Know that four șōdaśikas form here one kuḍaha ; four kuḍahas one prastha ; and four prasthas one āḍhaka.
37. Four āḍhaka make one drōņa, and four times one drōņa make one mānī ; four mānīs make one khārī; five khārīs make one pravartikā.
38. Four times that same (pravartikā) is a vāha; five pravartikās make one kumbha. After this the terminology relating to the measurement of gold is described.
Terminology relating to (the measurement of) Gold.
89. Four gaņḍakas make one guñjā ; five guñjās make one paņa, and eight of this (paņa) make one dharaņa; two dharaņas make one karșa, and four karșas make one pala.
Terminology relating to (the measurement of) Silver
40. Two grains make one guñjā ; two guñjās make one māșa ; sixteen māșas are said here to make one dharaņa.
41. Two and a half of that dharaņa make one karsa; four purānas (or karsa) make one pala--so say persons well versed in calculation in respect of the measurement of silver according to the standard current m Magadha.