पृष्ठम्:A Sanskrit primer (1901).djvu/९९

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एतत् पृष्ठम् अपरिष्कृतम् अस्ति


Lesson XX. NOT ICE 1 declensions) only in the nom.-acc.-voc. of all numbers. But the majority of consonantal stems form a special feminine stem by adding & (nerer #T) to the weak form of the masculine. 238. Variations, as between stronger and weaker forms, are very general in consonantal stems: either of strong and weak stems, or of strong, middle, and weakest. The endings are throughout the normal ones (Introd., § 90). 239. The general law concerning final consonants is as follows: 1. The more usual etymological finals are H, T, A, T, a qi, q, &; sporadic are G, H, UL as finals. 2. In general, only one consonant, of whatever kind, is allow- ed to stand at the end of a word; if two or more would etymo- logically occur there, the last is dropped, and again the last, until but one remains. 3. Of the non-nasal mutes, only the first in each series, the non-aspirate surd, is allowed as final; the others — surd asp., and both sonants — are regularly converted into this, wherever they would etymologically occur. 4. A final palatal, or E, becomes either a, or (less often) Z; but & in a very few cases (where it represents original y) be- comes a. 240. According to 239. 2, the # of the nom. sing., m. and f., is always lost; and irregularities of treatment of the stem-final, in this case, are not infrequent. 241. Before the pada-endings, 7TH, HH, 77# and #, a stem- Linal is treated as in external combination. 242. An aspirate mute is changed to its corresponding non- aspirate before another 1109 - nasal mute or a sibilant; it stands unaltered only before a vowel or semivowel or nasal. Hence such a mute is doubled by prefixing its own corresponding non-aspirate. 243. Consonant-stems of one form in a , u and H. Be- HION- 01

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