पृष्ठम्:A Sanskrit primer (1901).djvu/८८

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एतत् पृष्ठम् अपरिष्कृतम् अस्ति


Lesson XVII. 212. The stems ending in long vowels (*, &, 57) fall into two well-marked classes : A. root-stems – mostly monosyllabic — and their compounds, with a comparatively small number of others inflected like them; B. derivative feminine stems in T and with a few in 37, inflected like TT, et and qu. The stems of class A take the normal eadings throughout, with optional ex- ceptions in dat., abl.-gen., and loc. sing. fem., and with 7 inserted before ITH of the geri. pl. The simple words are as nouns with few exceptions fem.; as adjectives (rare), and in adjective com- pounds, they coincide in masc. and fem. forms. The declension of the simple words in & and 37 has been given (in $$ 189, 197); those in my are so rare that it is not possible to make up a whole scheme of forms in actual use. 213. When any root in IT or Šor 3 is found as final member of a compound word, these root - finals are treated as follows: 1. Roots in I lose that vowel before vowel-endings, except in the strong cases and in the acc. pl., which is like the nominative. Thus, fazy-07 m., f., 'all-protecting": Plural. faut -pās Sing. Dual. N.V. fajtĘ -pās faut -pāu A. विश्वपाम् -pam विश्वपाभ्याम् 1. विश्वपा rtcuup-a विश्वपोस ८tcuup-08 विश्वपाभिस् etc. 214. 2. Roots in and Jo change their final vowel, before vowel-endings, into ą and , if but one consonant precede the final vowel; but if two or more consonants precede, the change is into 77 and 3q. Thus, ya-mt m., f., “corn-buying’: nom.-voc. ga- H, acc. gafaelf; 99-9 m., f., “street-sweeper': nom. sing. Oh, acc. CCA. Univ Calif - Digitized by Microsoft ®