पृष्ठम्:A Sanskrit primer (1901).djvu/५८

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एतत् पृष्ठम् अपरिष्कृतम् अस्ति

Lesson VI. VII. eyes” 25. The enemies' overwhelm* (at) the king with arrows'. 26. A quarter of the injustice' falls upon* (*) the king (acc.). Lesson VII. 417 Ca 141. Causative Verbs (native cur-class”). The Hindu gram- marians describe a certain present-system which they assign to a 80-called “cur-class”. This is, however, in fact no present-class at all, but a causative or secondary conjugation, which is not con- fined to the present-systen. But many formations of this sort have no causative value; and it is chiefly these that are grouped by the Hindus in their cur-class, which also includes some denominative- stems in áya, with causative accent. For practical purposes it is well enough to consider these verbs here. 142. The causative-stem is formed by adding yg dya to the root, which is usually strengthened; and the strengthening process is in the main as follows: 143. 1. Medial or initial Ti, 3u, and I have the guna- strengthening, if capable of it; thus, 7 cur, itafa coráyati ; faz vid, a cefa vedáyati; but ote pīd, otsufa pīdayati. 144. 2. A final vowel has the erddhi-strengthening; thus, y dlr, gitafa dhăráyati. Before 74 aya, Wõi and it au become pie āy and yta av respectively; thus, aft bhā, herafa bhāyáyati; भू bhu, भावयति bhdodjati. 145. 3. Medial or initial ya in a metrically light syllable is sometimes lengthened, and sometimes remains unchanged; thus, ya kşal, caus. ataera kşāláyati; but 9 jan, caus. grafa janáyati. 146. The inflection is the usual one of a-stems. 147. Rules of euphonic combination. In external combination an initial sonant of whatever class (even a vowel or semivowel or nasal) requires the conversion of a preceding final surd to a sonant. 2 . nd: 1 Univ Calif - Digitized by Microsoft ®