पृष्ठम्:A Sanskrit primer (1901).djvu/४९

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एतत् पृष्ठम् अपरिष्कृतम् अस्ति

Lesson IV. 33 y (rson 114. Neuters in Ti. qift vāri, “water'. Singular. Dual. Plural. N. anff väri afrut vāriņā aritu vārīņi A. m m. 1. aTfTu vāriņāt aftasta väribhyām aftfuta väribhis D. aftî vāriņe aftara väribhyas Ab. वारिणम् drinas G. afTuth vārinos TTTUTH vārīņām L. वारिणि curint • • वारिषु varisa V. arī vāre or aft väri 115. Masculine and neuter adjectives in Ti are declined like ¿nadlje the substantives above. But neuter adjectives (never substantives) may, in the dat., abl., gen., and loc. sing., and the gen. and loc. dual, substitute the corresponding forms of masculines. 116. Euphonic changes of Ħs and I r. These two sounds stand to each other in the practical relation, in external combination, of corresponding surd and sonant: in countless cases # s becomes Ir in situations requiring or favoring the occurrence of a sonant; and, less often, Tr becomes # $ where a surd is required. In internal combination the two are far less interchangeable. The s is extremely common as an etymological final, the r not common. 117. A. Final FI s. 1. Before a sonant, either vowel or conso- 51 nant (except Ir — see below), Ħs is changed to the sonant To -- unless, indeed, it be preceded by 1 a or Tā; thus, for only if the altering letter stands immediately before the nasal, but at whatever distance before the latter it may be found: unless, in- deed, there intervene a palatal (except ay), a lingual, or a dental. Thus, F1TU nagareụa, ATTU mārgena, graffu puspāņi.

  • See preceding note. óch ; ih i

Perry, Sanskrit Primer. E to, o con ojo 3 i in c il n l Univ Calif - Digitized by Microsoft ®