164 Lesson XXXVII. XXXIX. at (9- ) the rising or the setting sun. 17. Why bast thou come (f2-) to-my-house with-wife and witb-children? 18. “Praise Varuņa”: thus the gods addressed Çunahçepa who was bound to the sacrificial post. 19. Always speak the truth. 20. In a kingless land the rich do not sleep in peace (सुखेन). CO 25 rv Lesson XXXIX. 414. Verbs. Root-class, contd. Roots ending in consonants. The endings of the 2nd and 3rd sing. impf. act. are generally dropped, and the resulting root-final treated according to the usual rules for finals.* Cf. $$ 239, 242. But a root ending in a dental mute some- times drops this final mute instead of the added in the second person; and, on the otber hand, a root or stem ending in some- tinies drops this Ę instead of the added a in the third person: in either case establishing the ordinary relation of and a in the second and third persons. 415. Roots in a and 5 substitute at for those letters before q, q and Ħ (wbich then becomes ); and I before y. Thus, aq 'speak’: afm, afg, afai (only these three forms used). 416. Root ifaz 'know, (act. only): Indicative. Imperfect. 1. वेद्मि विद्वस विद्मस अवेदम् अविद अविद्म 2. वेत्सि वित्यम् वित्थ अवेस् or अवेत् अवित्तम् अवित्त 3. वेत्ति वित्त विदन्ति अवेत् अविताम् अविदुस् Imv.: acıfa, fafs, a7; azia, fanta, fantA; ETA, fan, faza. – Opt.: faqih, etc.
- In the inflection of roots with final consonant, of tbis class and
the reduplicating and nasal classes, euphonic rules find very fre- quent application. The student is therefore advised at this point to read carefully the chief rules of euphonic change in Wbitney's Grammar, $$ 139—232 (the two larger sizes of print). Univ Calif - Digitized by Microsoft ®