पृष्ठम्:A Sanskrit primer (1901).djvu/१७३

विकिस्रोतः तः
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एतत् पृष्ठम् अपरिष्कृतम् अस्ति


Lesson XXXVII. 157 2 ending in a consonant substitute for both class-sign and ending in this person the peculiar ending आन amd; thus, बधान, अशान, स्त- भान, गहाण (see 58 402, 403). 402. The roots ending in Hi shorten that vowel before the class-sign; thus, पू, पनाति, पुनीते. The root ग्रह is weakened to गृह; thus, गह्णाति. 403. A few roots which have a nasal in some forms outside the present-system, lose it in the present; thus, yy or jou, J- थाति; बन्थ्, बध्नाति; स्तम् or स्तम्भ, स्तभाति. Similarly, ज्ञा makes जानाति- 404. Root-class. In this class there is no class-sigy; the root itself is also present-stem, and to it are added directly the per- sonal-endings; in the opt. (and subj.: $ 60, end) of course combined with the mode-sign. The root-vowel takes guņa, if capable of it, in the strong forms. 405. Roots ending in vowels. Roots in 7t of this class are inflected only in the active. In the 3rd pl. imp. act. they may optionally take as ending of instead of 77, the 7t being lost before it.* 406. Thus, या ‘go: यामहे Indicative. 1. यामि यावस् । 2. यासि याथस् 3. याति यातस याथ यान्ति Imperfect. अयाम् अयाव याम अथास् । यातम् यात अयात् अयाताम् अयान् or अयुस्

  • The same ending is also allowed and met with in a few

roots ending in consonants; viz. iविद know', चक्ष, द्विष, दुई, मृज् . Univ Calif - Digitized by Microsoft ®