पृष्ठम्:A Sanskrit primer (1901).djvu/१६९

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एतत् पृष्ठम् अपरिष्कृतम् अस्ति


Lesson XXXVI. 153 Imperative. 1. करवाणि करवाव करवानी करवै करवावहै करवामहे 2. कुरु कुरुतम् कुरुत ७ कुरुष्व कुवथाम् कुरुध्वम् 3. करोतु कुरुताम् कुर्वन्तु कुरुताम् कुर्वीताम् कुर्वताम् 0ptative. । 1. कुर्यम् कुयीव कुयाम कुर्वीय कुर्वीवहि कुर्वीमहि etc. etc. etc. etc. etc. etc. Participle. कुर्वन्त्, f. कुर्वती कुर्वाण, f. आ. 395. This root sometimes assumes (or retains from a more original condition) an initial स after the prefix सम्*; thus, संक- रोति, संस्कुरुते, समस्कुर्वन्. | 396. The adverbial prefixes आविस and प्रादुरु, ‘forth to sight, ‘in view'; तिरस ‘through', ‘out of sight'; पुरस ‘in front, forward'; and the purely adverbial अलम् ‘enough, sufficient', are often used with an, and with one or two other verbs, oftenest अस् ‘be' and ५ ‘become'. 397. Any noun or adjective-stem is liable to be compounded with verbal forms or derivatives of the roots of and 7, in the manner of a verbal prefix. If the final of the stem be an a-vowel or an i-vowe!, it is changed to $; if an u-vowel, to 37. Conso- nantal stems take the form which they have before consonant- endings — of course with observance of the usual euphonic rules; but stems in अन् change those letters to ई. Thus, स्वीकरोति ‘he makes his own’, ‘appropriates'; भस्मीकरोति (भस्मन्) 'he changes to ashes', i. e. burns': स्तम्भीभवति ‘becomes a post' (स्तम्भ); शुचीभवति ‘becomes pure' (शुचि); साधूकरोति ‘makes holy'. 398. The suffixes at (f.) and a (n.) are very extensively used to form abstract nouns, denoting the quality of being so- 010

  • Also sometimes after oft and 34.

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