पृष्ठम्:A Sanskrit primer (1901).djvu/१६

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एतत् पृष्ठम् अपरिष्कृतम् अस्ति


xii in strict alphabetic order (see below). All nouns, whether sub- stantives or adjectives, are given in the stem-form. All verb-forms are placed under the root; prepositional compounds of verbs like- wise, and not in the alphabetic place of the preposition. Of verbal adjectives and nouns, some important ones have been given in their alphabetic places, but the meaning of most of them must be learned from their respective roots. Pronouns are given generally in the form of the nominative. Alphabetic Order. The alphabetic order is that given in § l, but the following points are to be noticed here: The visarga stands next after the vowels; but a visarga re- garded as equivalent to a sibilant and exchangeable with it has the alphabetic place of that sibilant. The sign i, representing “the anusvāra of more independent origin”, has its place before all the mutes etc.; thus danç and danştrā stand before dakşa. The sign », representing an assimilated m, is placed according to its phonetic value. 1. If m, resulting from the assimilation of m to a semivowel, sibilant, or h, represent a nasal semivowel or anusvāra, then its place is like that of n. Thus purs comes before punya and saņçaya before sakrt. 2. But if i be the product of m assimilated to a mute, representing ñ, ñ, n, n, or m, then its place is that of the nasal so represented. Univ Calif - Digitized by Microsoft ®