पृष्ठम्:A Sanskrit primer (1901).djvu/१२३

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एतत् पृष्ठम् अपरिष्कृतम् अस्ति

Lesson XXVI. 107 dat. पथिभ्यस. [The stems मन्थन् m., ‘stirring-stick', and ऋभुक्षन् m., an epithet of Indra, are said to follow yoga.) 279. The stem ýh m., “man ’, is very irregular. The strong stem is पुमांस, mid. पुम्, weakest पुस्. Thus, sing. पुमान्, पुमांसम्, ght, etc., voc. yma; du. Gaiht, OFTA, QHTH; pl. TAIFH, CH#, ufarh etc., gą. 280. For the stem f., •age', may be substituted in the cases with vowel - endings forms from th f.; thus, te or TAT 281. n., 'heart', does not make nom.-voc.-acc. of any number (except in composition), these being supplied from an. 282. The stem uz m., 'foot?, becomes UTZ in strong cases ; and, in compounds, in the middle cases also; thus, nom. sing. UTE, acc. पादम्, instr. पदा, etc. From विपद् ‘biped', acc. sing. दि- पादम्, pl. द्विपदस्, instr. pl. द्विपाद्भिस्. [The stem पाद m., ‘foot, has the complete declension of a-stems.] 283. The root 87 'slay', as final member of a compound, becomes at in nom. sing., and loses its a in the middle cases and its in the weakest cases (but only optionally ia loc. sing.). Further, when 7 is lost, zin contact with a reverts to its original

thus, a m., killing a Brāhman', makes nom. sing. SETET,

acc. हणम्”, instr. ब्रह्मघ्ना, etc., loc. ब्रह्मच्चिन or °हणि, voc. °हन्; du. SEEUT, ITA etc.; pl. nom. OZUĦ, acc. 94. 284. The stems a m., n. pr., and reina m., n. pr. (both personifications of the sun), make the nom. sing. in , but otherwise do not lengthen the 77; thus, nom. Qgt, acc. qux, instr. qault O

  • In compound words, an altering cause in one member some-

times lingualizes a ū of the next following member. But a guttural or labial in direct combination with a sometimes prevents the combination, as in the instr. ZEM. Univ Calif - Digitized by Microsoft ®