पृष्ठम्:A Sanskrit primer (1901).djvu/११८

विकिस्रोतः तः
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एतत् पृष्ठम् अपरिष्कृतम् अस्ति


102 Lesson XXV. Lesson XXV. OM More 268. Declension. Perfect Active Participles active participles of the perfect tense-system are quite peculiar as regards the modifications of the stem. In the strong cases the suffix is ait, which becomes ata in the non. sing. masc., and is shortened to an in the voc. sing. In the weakest cases the suffix is contracted into 3q; and in the middle cases it is changed to 9. A union-vowel , if present in the strong and middle cases, disappears before 39 in the weakest. Radical and f, if preceded by one consonant, become a before 39, but if preceded by more than one consonant, become yo; whereas radical 3 always be- comes 39 before 39, and radical 7, T. Thus, fantaia, fat- 29; iÆ, egy; again, 299. The feminine stem is formed with $ from the weakest stem - form; thus, faara. Examples: 1. fa&iĦ “knowing': Masculipe. Neater. Singular. Dual. Plural. Singular. Dual. Plural. N. faeta facient faginu N.V. faga fagut faeife A. fagiya facut I. विदुषी विद्याम् विद्वद्भिस as in the masculine. L. विदुषि विदुषोस् विद्वत्सु V. faça 2. Aftaqią having gone'*:

  • Another form of perf. part. of this verb (A) makes the

strong and middle stems path and tan; the weakest form is ab above, जग्मुः Univ Calif - Digitized by Microsoft ® .