पृष्ठम्:ADictionaryOfSanskritGrammarByMahamahopadhyayaKashinathVasudevAbhyankar.djvu/३६९

विकिस्रोतः तः
Jump to navigation Jump to search
पुटमेतत् सुपुष्टितम्


व्युत्पन्नत्व
शंकरशास्री
353

the sense: (2) name given to treatises discussing the derivation and interpretation of words.

व्युत्पन्नत्व derivation, correct under- standing of the sense by derivation.

युत्पन्नपक्ष the view that every word in the language has been derived from a root which explains its sense, see व्युत्पत्तिपक्ष.

व्युदास setting aside of a rule or ope- ration by means of another more powerful rule, or by means of a conventional dictum.

व्युष्टादि a class of words headed by the word व्युष्ट to which the taddhita affix अ (अण्) is added in the sense of the place where something is given or prepared ; cf. व्युष्टे दीयते कार्ये वा वैयुष्टम् । नैत्यम्: Kas. on P.V.1.97.

व्यूह(l) resolution or determination: cf. अकृतव्यूहाः पाणिनीयाः । न कृतो विाशीष्ट ऊहो निश्चयः,शास्त्रप्रवृत्तिविषये यैः इत्यर्थः Par. Sek. Pari. 56; (2) separation of the phonetic elements in a word, done especially for the recital of the Vedic texts according to metre:cf. व्यूहैः संपत्समीक्ष्योने क्षेप्रवणैकंभाविनाम् । व्यूहैः पृथक्करणेन Uvvata on R. Pr. VIII.22.

व्रीङ्गन lowering of the chin, resulting in a fault of utterance: cf. हन्वीव्रर्डिने नीचैर्भावे संदष्टं नाम दोषो भवति । Uvvata on R.Pr. XIV.8.

व्रीह्यादि a class of words headed by व्रीहि to which the taddhita affixes इन् and ठन् are applied in the sense of possession along with the usual affix मत् ( मतुप् ) ; e. g. व्रीही, व्रीह्रिक व्रीहिमान् । मायी, मायिकः मायावान् : cf. Kas. on P.V. 2. 116.

व्हिट्ने [ WHITNEY, WILLIAM DWIGHT, 1827-1894] a sound scholar of Vedic grammar who has, besides some books on Ling- uistic studies, written a work on Vedic Grammar and edited the Atharvaveda Pratisakhya. 45

श् (1) a sibilant letter of the palatal class, possessed of the properties, श्वासानुप्रदान, अघोष and कण्ठविवृतत्व; (2) the initial indicatory ( इत् ) letter श् of a non-taddhita affix in Panini's grammar, which is dropped; (3) substitute for च्छ् when followed by an affix beginning with a nasal con- sonant; e.g प्रश्नः, cf. P.VI.4.19;(4) substitute for स् when followed by श् or any palatal letter;e.g. वृक्षश्छादयति वृक्षश्शेते Kas.on P. VIII. 4.40.

शा (1) conjugational sign(विकरण) appli- ed to the roots of the sixth conju- gation ( तुदादिगण ) in all conjuga- tional tenses and moods (i. e. the present, the imperfect,the impera- tive and the potential) before the personal-endings; cf. तुदादिभ्यः शः, P. III.1.77; this sign श (अ) has got the initial consonant श् as an indicatory one, and hence this अ is a Sarvadhatuka affix, but, it is weak and does not cause गुण for the preceding vowel; (2) tad. affix श in the sense of possession applied to the words लोमन् and others; e. g. लोमशः, रोमशः cf. P.V.2. 100; (3) krt affix (अ ) applied to the roots पा, घ्रा, ध्मा, धे and दृश् when preceded by a prefix, to the roots लिम्प्, विन्द् etc.not preceded by a prefix, and optiona- ily to दा and धा of the third conju- gation in the sense of 'an agent'; e.g. उत्पिबः, उत्पश्यः, लिम्पः, विन्दः दद:, दायः; cf. P.III.1.137-139.

शंकरभट्ट name of a grammarian of the eighteenth century who wrote a commentary, called शांकरी after him, on Nagesa's Paribhasendu- sekhara.

शंकरशास्त्री (मारुलकर) a modern scho- lar of grammar who lived in