पृष्ठम्:ADictionaryOfSanskritGrammarByMahamahopadhyayaKashinathVasudevAbhyankar.djvu/३३७

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वाक्यार्थ
वाजप्यायन
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( गौणमुख्यन्यायस्य) पदकार्यविषयत्वमेवोचितम् | अन्यथा वाक्यसंस्कारपक्षे तेषु तदनापत्तिः Par. Sek. on Pari. 15, The gramma- rians usually follow the वाक्यसंकारपक्ष.

वाक्यार्थ the meaning of a sentence, which comes as a whole composite idea when all the constituent words of it are heard; cf. पदानां सामान्ये वर्तमानानां यद्विशेषेSवस्थानं स वाक्यार्थः, M.Bh. on P.I.2.45 Vart. 4. Accor- ding to later grammarians the import or meaning of a sentence ( वाक्यार्थ ) flashes out suddenly in the mind of the hearer immediate- ly after the sentence is completely uttered. The import is named प्रतिभा by Bhartrhari, cf. Vakya- padiya II.45; cf. also वाक्यार्थश्च प्रतिभामात्रविषयः Laghumanjusa. For details and the six kinds of vakya- rtha, see Vakyapadiya II.154.

वाक्यार्थचन्द्रिका name of a commen- tary on the Paribhasendusekhara by Hari Sastri Bhagawata.

वाक्यैकदेश part of a sentence which sometimes, on the strength of the context, conveys the whole meaning cf. दृश्यन्ते हि वाक्येषु वाक्येकदेशान् प्रयुञ्जाना: पदेषु च पदैकदेशान् । प्रविश पिण्डीम् । प्रविश तर्पणम् । पदेषु पदकैदेशान् देवदत्तो दत्तः । सत्यभामा भामेति M.Bh. on P.I.1.45 Vart. 3.

वाच् (1) expression from the mouth ; speech; series of sounds caused by expelling the air from the lungs through differently shaped positions of the mouth and the throat; cf. स संघातादीन् प्राप्य वाग्भवति Vaj. Pr.I.9; see the word वाणी; (2) the sacred or divine utterance referring to the Veda; cf. त्रय्या वाचः परं पदम् ; (3) term used for उपपद in the Jainen- dra Vyākarana; cf. वाग्विभक्तेः कारक- विभक्तिर्बलीयसी Jain. Pari. 104.

वाचक expressive, as contrasted with द्योतक्र, व्यञ्जक, सूचक and भेदक which 41

७ mean suggestive; the term is used in connection with words which directly convey their sense by denotation, as opposed to words which convey indirectly the sense or suggest it as the prefixes or Nipatas do.

वाचनिक expressly cited by a वचन or a statement of the authors of the Sutra, the Varttika and the Maha- bhasya, as contrasted with what naturally occurs or is inferred from their statements; cf. नेदं वाचनिकस- लिङ्गता असंख्यता च ( अव्ययानाम् ) | स्वाभा- विकमेतत् M.Bh. on P.I. 1.38 Vart. 5 and P. II.2.6, cf. also M.Bh. on P.I.2.64 Vart. 53.

वाचनिकी See वाचनिक above; cf. किं स्वाभाविकी निवृत्तिराहोस्विद्वाचानिकी M.Bh.on P. II.2.6; cf. also the usual expres- sion बाचनिकी एषा with respect to some Paribhasas or maxims.

वाचिका expressing directly, denoting; (fem. of वाचक ); cf. तयेारभिसंबन्धस्य षष्ठी वाचिका भवति M. Bh. on P.II. 1.1 Vart. 4.

वाच्य (l) directly expressed (sense) as contrasted with व्यङ्ग्य or ध्वनित; cf. शब्देनार्थान् वाच्यान् दृष्ट्वा बुद्धौ कुर्यात्पौर्वापर्यम् । M.Bh. on P. I.4.109 Vart. 10; (2) which should be stated or which de- serves to be stated. The word वाच्य is generally put in connection with the additions or corrections to the sutras by the Varttikakara and the Mahbhasyakara in their explana- tions; cf. तत्रैतावद्वाच्यम्, M.Bh. on P. I.4.1 ; cf. also वाच्य ऊर्णोर्णुवद्भावः M.Bh. on P. III.1. 22 Vart. 3; III. I. 36 Vart. 6.

वाजप्यायन an ancient grammarian who holds the view that words denote always the jati i.e they always convey the generic sense and that the individual object or the case is understood in connection