ल added to the word क्लिन्न when चिल् and पिल् are substituted for the word क्लिन्न; e.g, चिल्लः, पिल्ल: cf. P.V. 2.33 Vārt 2.
लकार (1) the consonant ल्; see ल् (1) above; (2) the personal endings affixed to roots; see ल् (2).
लक्षण (1) a rule or a sūtra composed by the ancient Sūtrakāras; the word is very frequently used in this sense by the Bhāşyakāra and later commentators; cf. लक्ष्यलक्षणे व्याकरणम्; cf. also लक्षणं हि नाम ध्वनति, भ्रमति मुहूर्तमपि नावतिष्ठते M.Bh. on P.I.1.3 Vārt 10; (2) characteristic or sign; cf. लक्षणेनाभिप्रती आभिमुख्ये P. II. 1. 14; cf. also P.I.4.90 and III. 2.12; (3) indirect way of expression; cf. लक्षणप्रतिपदोक्तयोः प्रतिपदोक्तत्यैव ग्रहणम् Par. Śek. Pari. 105.
लक्षणप्रतिपदोक्त a short term used for the well-known Paribhāşā लक्षणप्रति- पदोक्तयोः प्रतिपदोक्तस्यैव ग्रहणम् Par. Sek. Pari. I05, laying down that when a question arises as to which of the two words लक्षणोक्त (arrived at by certain changes or modifications) and प्रतिपदोक्त, (directly expressed) be accepted, the latter should be preferred.
लक्षणसंग्रह a work on grammar written by a grammarian named रत्नेश.
लक्षणा implication; potentiality of implication; this potentiality of words viz. लक्षणा is not recognised by grammarians as a potentiality different from the अभिधाशक्ति or the power of denotation. Later gra- mmarians, however, like the Ālamkārikas, have used the word in the sense of potentiality of implication as different from that of denotation; cf. अन्त्यशब्दे लक्षणा न च Paribhāşenduśekhara.
लक्ष्मणसूरि a grammarian who has 39
written a booklet on the six dia- lects, which is named षड्भाषाचन्द्रिका.
लक्ष्मीनृसिंह a grammarian of the eighteenth century who has written (1) Siddhāntakaumudī- vilāsa, a commentary on the Siddhāntakaumudī and (2)Triśikhā, a commentary on Nāgeśa's Pari- bhāşenduśekhara.
लक्ष्य lit. target; illustration; example of a grammatical rule; cf. लक्ष्ये लक्षणं सकृदेव प्रवर्तते Paribhāşā; also लक्ष्यानुसारि व्याख्यानमेव शरणम् Paribhāşendu- śekhara; cf. also शब्दो लक्ष्य: सूत्रं लक्षणम् M. Bh. on P.I.1.1 Vārt. 14.
लक्ष्यार्थ implied sense. See the word लक्षणा.
लघु (1) a term used in the sense of light or short as contrasted with गुरु meaning heavy or long, which is applied to vowels like अ, इ etc. cf. ह्रस्वं लघु P.I. 4. 10; (2) brevity; brief expression; cf. लघ्वर्थे हि संज्ञाकरणम् M.Bh. on P.I.2,27 Vārt. 6 also संज्ञा हि नाम यतो न लघीयः; (3) small, as qualifying an effort in writing or explaining something as also in utterance; cf. व्योर्लघुप्रयत्नतरः शाकटायनस्य P.VIII.3.18.
लघुकौमुदी known as लघुसिद्धान्तकौमुदी also, an abridged work based upon the Siddhāntakaumudi of Bhațțojī Dīkşita, written by Bhațțojī's pupil Varadarāja. The work is very valuable and helpful to beginners in grammar. It has got the same topics as the Siddhāntakaumudī, but arranged differently. The work, named सारसिद्धान्तकौमुदी is the same as लघुसिध्दान्तकौमुदी. Possibly सारसिद्धान्तकौमुदी was the original name given by the author.
लघुता smallness of effort as contrast- ed with गुरुता; cf. तत्राप्ययं नावश्यं गुरुलघुतामेवोपलक्षयितुमर्हति, M.Bh. on P. I.1.3 Vārt. 7.