पृष्ठम्:ADictionaryOfSanskritGrammarByMahamahopadhyayaKashinathVasudevAbhyankar.djvu/३१९

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पुटमेतत् सुपुष्टितम्


रूपासिध्दि
रेफिन्
303

called माला, such as अजन्तमाला, हलन्तमाला, छान्दसमाला, अव्ययमाला and so on.(2) the name रूपमाला is also found given to a work giving collections of formed words written by Puņ- yanandana.

रूपसिद्धि lit. the formation of words; the name रूपासिद्वि is given to a small literary work on the formation of words written by Dayānandasa- rasvatī.

रूपातिदेश the actual replacement of the original in the place of the substitute by virtue of the rule स्थानिवदादेशोनल्विधौ P. I. 1. 56; one of the two kinds of स्थानिवद्भाव wherein the word-form of the original ( स्थानी ) is put in the place of the substitute (आदेश); the other kind of स्थानिवद्भाव being call- ed कार्यातिदेश by means of which grammatical operations caused by the original ( स्थानी ) take place although the substitute (आदेश) has been actually put in the place of the original. About the interpre- tation of the rule द्विर्वचनेचि P. I.1.59, the grammarians accept the view of रूपातिदेश; cf. रूपातिदेशश्चायं नियतकालस्तेन कृते द्विर्वचने पुन: आदेशरूपमे- वावतिष्ठते । पपतुः पपुः । अातो लोप इटि च इत्याकारलोपे कृते तस्य स्थानिवद्भावात् एकाचो द्बे० इति द्विर्वचनं भवति Kāś on P.I.1.59; cf. also रूपातिदेशश्चायम् । द्विर्वचनेचि इत्य- त्रास्य भाष्ये पाठात् । Pari. Bhaskara Pari. 97. For details see Mahābh- āșya on P.VII.1.95 96.

रूपावतार a well-known work on word formation written by धर्मकीर्ति a Jain grammarian of the twelfth century. Scholars believe that this work was the first work of the form of topics which was taken as a model by the authors of the Prakriyākau- mudī and the Siddhāntakaumudī.

रूप्य (1) a tad. affix applied to a word

meaning 'a cause' or expressing 'a human being' in the sense of 'proceeding therefrom' e.g. समादागतं समरूप्यम्; देवदत्तरूप्यम्; cf. हेतुमनुष्ये- भ्योन्यतरस्यां रूप्यः P. IV. 3.81; (2) a tad. affix applied to a word in the genitive case in the sense of भूतपूर्व, 'formerly belonging to' ; e. g. देवदत्तस्य भूतपूर्वो गौः देवदत्तरूप्य:; cf. Kāś. on षष्ठया रूप्य च P. V. 3.54.

word-form of the ajbhakti or svarabhakti ( a term used in the ancient Prātiśākhya works), where ऋ is looked upon as the consonant र् surrounded by, or followed by the nature of a vowel. ऋ as a vowel is possessed of one mātrā of which in svarabhakti, the con- sonant र् possesses half and the svarabhakti possesses half; cf रेफात् स्वरोपहिताह्यञ्जनोदयाद् ऋकारवर्णा स्वरभाक्तिरूत्तरा R. Pr. VI.13.

रे (रेश्) personal ending in Vedic Literature, substituted for त of the प्रथमपुरुष ( 3rd pers. ) plural in the Perfect tense; cf. लिटस्तझयो रेश् इरेच् P. III. 4.81.

रेखा termed also 'लेखा '; one of the subdivisions of the krama-pāțha.

रेफ the consonant र्; generally the word रेफ is used for र and not रकार; cf. वर्णात्कार: । रादिफं: P.III.3.108 Vārt. 3,4. The consonant र is described as one pronounced like the tearing of a piece of cloth and resembling a snarl or a growl: cf. रिफ्यते विपाटथते वस्त्रादिपाटनध्वनिवदुच्चार्यते इति रेफ: ।

रेफशिरस् ( the guna or the vrddhi substitute for ऋ viz. अर् or अार्) with the letter र् represented in script by a sign on the top; e. g. अर्कः, आर्जवम्; cf. वृद्धिर्भवति गुणो भवतीति रेफशिरा गुणवृद्धिसंज्ञकोऽभिनिर्वर्तते M.Bh, on P. VI.4.121.

रेफिन् a term applied(1)to the Visarja- snīya letter preceded by any vowel