पृष्ठम्:ADictionaryOfSanskritGrammarByMahamahopadhyayaKashinathVasudevAbhyankar.djvu/२६६

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पुटमेतत् सुपुष्टितम्


प्रध्वंसिन्
प्रयोगनियम
250

प्रध्वंसिन् disappearing; cf. उच्चरितप्रध्वं- सिनोनुबन्धाः Vyadi Pari. ll.

प्रपञ्च amplification, further expla- nation,clarification. The expres- sion पूर्वस्यैवायं प्रपञ्चः or तस्यैवायं प्रपञ्चः is very frequently used in the Kasika vrtti; cf. Kas. on P.II. 1.33,37,41, 58, II.4.28, III.2.6I etc.

प्रपाठक a term used for a division of a work by an ancient writer, as for instance in the case of the Athar- vapratisakhya.

'प्रभा (1), name of a commentary on the Sabdakaustubha by Ragha- vendracarya Gajendragadkar; (2) name of a commentary on Kai- yata's Mahabhasyapradipa.

प्रभाचन्द्र a Jain grammarian who wrote a learned commentary named Nyasa on the Amoghavrtti of Amoghavarsa.

प्रभृति a passage or a word at the com- mencement; cf. इरावतीप्रभृति अा दाधार T. Pr. IV. 22; प्लुतादिप्रभृतीनि च R. Pr. X. 4 तिष्ठद्गुप्रभृतीनि च P.II.1.17.

प्रभेद smaller division, sub-division.

प्रमाण (1) authority; authoritative proof; cf. लोकः अवश्यं शब्देषु प्रमाणम् M. Bh. on I. 2.64 Vart. 29; (2) measurement, measure; cf. प्रमाणे द्वयसज्दघ्नत्र्मात्रचः P. V. 2.37; प्रमाणत; अकारो गुणः प्राप्तः Kas. on P. I. 1.50.

प्रमाद inadvertance, negligence; cf. प्रमादकृतमाचार्यस्य शक्यमकर्तुम् M. Bh. on P. IV. 2.70; cf. also अन्ये तु गौरादि- ष्वेतयेाः प्रमादपाठमाहुः Kaiy. of P. I. 1.72. Vart. 4.

प्रयतन the same as प्रयत्न; see प्रयत्न.

प्रयत्न (1) effort; the word is used in connection with the effort made for producing sound; cf. तुल्यास्यप्रयत्नं सवर्णम् P.1.1.9 these efforts are described to be of two kinds बाह्य and आभ्यन्तर of which the latter are considered in determining the

cognate nature of letters ( सावर्ण्य ); cf.अाभ्यन्तरप्रयत्नाः सवर्णसंज्ञायामाश्रीयन्ते;Kas. on P. I. 1.9; (2) specific measure taken for a particular purpose such as marking a letter with a particular tone or accent or dividing a rule, or laying down a modificatory rule or the like; cf. सैवाननुवृत्तिः शब्देनाख्यायते प्रयत्नाधिक्येन पूर्व- सूत्रेपि संबन्धार्थम् Kas. on P. IV. 3.22.

प्रयुक्ताख्यातमञ्जरी a small treatise on verbal forms by सारङ्गकवि.

प्रयोग (1) employment or use of a word in language and literature about which, laying down rules is looked upon as the purpose of grammar; cf. प्रयोगमूलत्वाद् व्याकरणस्मृतेः Kaiy.on P. V. 1.16, लोकतोर्थप्रयुक्ते शब्दप्रयोगे शास्त्रेण धर्मनियमो यथा लौकिक- वैदिकेषु M. Bh. Ahnika I. Vart. 1; (2) use of speech; utterance; cf. मध्यमेन स वाक्प्रयोगः प्रणवात्मकः कर्तव्यः, T. Pr. XVIII. 4.

प्रयोगनियम general rules or principles laid down regarding the use of words in language and literature such as (l) a word recognised as correct should always be used, cf. एवमिहापि समानायामर्थगतौ शब्देन चापशब्देन च धर्मनियमः क्रियते शब्देनैवार्थोभिधेयो नाप- शब्देनेति । एवंक्रियमाणमभ्युदयकारि भवति M. Bh. on P. I. I. Ahnika l, (2) never a base alone or an affix alone should be used, but always a base with the necessary affix should be used; cf. यावता समयः कृतो न केवला प्रकृतिः प्रयोक्तव्या न केवलः प्रत्ययः M. Bh, on P. I. 2.64 Vart. 8, also on P. III. 1.94 Vart. 3; (3) when the sense is already express- ed by a word, a word repeating the sense should not be used; cf. उक्तार्थानामप्रयोगः. Besides these, many minor regulations of the type of Paribhasas are laid down by grammarians. For details see Paribhashasamgraha Introduction.