पृष्ठम्:ADictionaryOfSanskritGrammarByMahamahopadhyayaKashinathVasudevAbhyankar.djvu/२५०

विकिस्रोतः तः
अत्र गम्यताम् : सञ्चरणम्, अन्वेषणम्
पुटमेतत् सुपुष्टितम्


पित्करण पुञ्जराज

234


short vowel (of a root) gets त् add- ed to it when followed by a kŗt affix marked with प्: e.g., विजित्य​, प्रकृत्य, etc.:(cf. P. VI. 1.71 ).

पित्करण marking an affix with the mute consonant प् for several grammatical purposes; see पित्; cf- पित्करणानर्थक्यं चानच्कत्वात् P. III. I. 33 Vārt.5. See पित्.

पित्कृत a grammatical operation caus- ed by an affix marked with the mute consonant प्: cf. यत्तु खलु पिति ङित्कृतं प्राप्नोति ङिति च पित्कृतं केन तन्न स्यात्, M. Bh, on III. 1.-3 Vart. 7. For details see पित्.

पित्व the same as पित्करण. See पित्करण and पित्.

पिपीलिकमध्या, पिपीलिकमध्यमा name given to a stanza of त्रिष्टुप् or जगती or बृहती type consisting of three feet, the middle foot consisting of six or seven or eight syllables only; e. g. Ŗgveda X. 105, 2 and 7; IX. 110.l, VIII. 46.14; cf. उष्णिक् पिपीलिकामध्या हरीयस्येति दृश्यते R. Pr. XVI. 25, 28, 36.

पिशेल् [ PISCHELL, RICHARD] a famous European Grammarian of the nineteenth century who wrote many articles on grammati- cal subjects and wrote a work en- titled 'Prakrit Grammar.'

पीडन compression; a fault in the pronunciation of vowels and con- sonants caused by the compression or contraction of the place of utte- rance: cf. विहारसंहारयोर्व्यासपीडने स्थान- करणयोर्विस्तारे व्यासो नाम दोष:, संहारे संकोचने पीडनं नाम । R. Pr. XIV. 2; cf. also व्यञ्जनानामतिप्रयत्नेनोच्चारणं पीडनं R. Pr. XIV. 5.

पील्वादि a class of words headed by the word पीलु to which the taddhita affix कुण ( कुणप्) is added in the sense of 'decoction' ( पाक ). e. g. पीलुकुण:; cf. Kāś. on P. V.2.24.

पु short term for the labial consonants प्, फ्, ब्, भ् and म् as prescribed by P. 1.1.61 e.g. ओः पुयण्ज्यपरे (P. VII. 4.80 ).

पुंवद्भाव restoration of the masculine form in the place of the feminine one as noticed in compound words, formed generally by the Karma- dhāraya and the Bahuvrīhi com- pounds, where the first member is declinable in all the three genders; e. g. दीर्घजङ्घः. This restoration to the masculine form is also noticed before the tad. affixes तस्, तर, तम्, रूप्य, पा​श, त्व as also before क्यङ् and the word मानिन्. For details, see P. VI, 3.34 to 42 and commentaries thereon. See also page 334, Vol. VII of the Pātańjala Mahābhāșya D. E. Society's edition.

पुंस् masculine: a word used in gra- mmar in the पुंलिङ्ग or the masculine gender; cf स्त्रीपुंनपुंसकेषु Br. Dev. I. 40, cf.also असरूपाणां युवस्थविरस्त्रीपुंसानां विशेषश्चाविवक्षितः सामान्यं च विवक्षितम् । M. Bh. on P. I. 2.68 Vārt. 1; cf. पुंस्प्रवाद. and पौंस्नानि नामानि.

पुंस्क masculine nature, hence mascu- line gender. The word is generally found as a part of the word भाषित- पुंस्क​ which means a word which is declined in the masculine and the feminine gender or in the neuter and the masculine gender in the same sense. For details see M. Bh, on P. VI.3.34.

पुक् the augment प् added to the roots ऋ, हृी, क्नूय् etc. as also to all roots ending in अा before the causal sign णिच् ( इ ); e. g. अर्पयति, ह्वेपयति, क्नोपयति, दापयति, etc.: cf. अर्त्तिह्रीब्लीरी- क्नूयीक्ष्माय्यातां पुङ् णौ P. VII.3.36.

पुञ्जराज a famous grammarian of the 12th century who wrote a learned commentaty on a part of the Vāky apadīya of Bhartŗhari in which