पृष्ठम्:ADictionaryOfSanskritGrammarByMahamahopadhyayaKashinathVasudevAbhyankar.djvu/२२४

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निरूढलक्षणा
निर्वर्त्य
208

headed by the word निरुदक which have their last vowel accented acute; e. g निरुदकम्, निरुपलम्, निर्मक्षिकम् etc.; cf. Kas. on P. VI. 2. 184.

निरूढलक्षणा potentiality of implica- ion which gives the meaning of a word which is based upon implica- tion; e. g. रथो गच्छति.

निरूढोपध a word, the penultimate vowel in which is picked up and taken back, as for instance the penultimate अ of हन् in the word अंहस् cf. अंहतिश्च अंहश्च अंहुश्च हन्तेर्निरूढोपधा- द्विपरीतात् Nir. IV. 25.

निर्दिश्यमानपरिभाषा a short form for the maxim निर्दिश्यमानस्यादेशा भवन्ति which means 'substitutes take the place of that or its part which has been actually stated or enunciated in the rule (of grammar)' Par. Sek. Pari. 12. For details see Par. Sek. Pari. 12.

निर्दिष्ट exhibited, enunciated; cf. तस्मिन्निति निर्दिष्टे पूर्वस्य P.I.1.66; V.Pr.I. 134.

निर्दिष्टपरिभाषा a popular name of the Paribhasa तस्मिन्निति निर्दिष्टे पूर्वस्य । cf. किं चेह निर्दिष्टपरिभाषाप्रवृत्तिर्दुर्वचा । Pari. Bhaskara Pari. 97.

निर्देश mention, actual statement; the word is often used in the Mahabh- asya in sentences like स तथा निर्देशः कर्तव्यः, निर्देशं कुरुते etc.; cf. also V.Pr. I. 36;cf. also the maxim तस्मिन्निति निर्दिष्टे पूर्वस्य P. I.1.66 and V. Pr. I. 134; cf. also अवश्यं कयाचिद्विभक्त्या केन- चिद्वचनेन निर्देशः कर्तव्यः M.Bh. on P. I. 2. 39 Vart. 1. Sometimes the men- tion or exhibition made by a word shows the particular type of word; cf. Durghata Vrtti on P. I. 2. 6 and VII. 4. 73 as also Kas. on P. IV. 3. 11 and V. 2. 20.

निर्धारण (1)selection of one or some out of many; cf. जातिगुणाक्रियाभिः समुदायादे- कदेशस्य पृथक्करणं निर्धारणम् । मनुष्याणां मनुष्येषु

वा क्षत्रियः शूरतमः Kas. on P. II.2.10 as also on II.3.4l; (2) determined or definite sense to the exclusion of another, generally on the strength of the indeclinable एव which is expressed or understood. The word नेिर्धारण is used for अवधारण in this sense; cf. यत एवकारस्ततोन्यत्राव- धारणम् a maxim used as a Paribhasa by some grammarians; cf; also धातोस्तन्निमित्तस्यैव । धात्ववधारणं यथा स्यात्तन्नि- मित्तावधारणं मा भूदिति Kas. on P. VI. 1.81.

निर्बद्ध separated,dissociated, disconne- cted; cf. न निर्बद्धा उपसर्गा अर्थान्निराहुरिति शाकटायनः Nir. I.3.

निर्भुज a name for the Samhitapatha; Cf. निर्भुजं संहिताध्ययनमुच्यते R. Pr.I. 3.

निर्मलदर्पण name of a commentary on the Prakriya-Kaumudi.

निर्लूर name of a grammarian who is believed to have written a gloss ( वृत्ति ) on the Sutras of Panini on the strength of a reference to him in the Nyasa of Jinendrabuddhi; cf. वृत्तिः पाणिनीयसूत्राणां विवरणं चुल्लिभट्टिनिर्लू- रादिप्रणीतम् Nyasa on I.1.1.

निर्वचन interpretation by means of etymology as found in the Nirukta works; the act of fully uttering the meaning hidden in words that are partially or wholly unintelligible in respect of their derivation, by separating a word into its compo- nent letters; cf. निष्कृष्य विगृह्य निर्वचनम्, Durgavrtti on Nir. II. 1.For details see Nirukta II.1.

निर्वर्तक (1) productive, as opposed to expressive; cf. किं पुनरिदं निर्वर्तकम् । अन्तरतमा अनेन निर्वर्त्यन्ते । अहोस्वित्प्रति- पादकम् । अन्येन निर्वृत्तानामनेन प्रतिपत्तिः । M.Bh. on P.I.1.50 Vart. 1; (2) productive of activity; cf. साधकं निर्वर्तकं कारकसंज्ञं भवतीति वक्तव्यम् M. Bh. on I.4.23.

निर्वर्त्य one of the many kinds of kar-