as:-जात्यादिप्रवृत्तिनिमित्तानुपग्राहित्वेनासत्त्वभूता- र्थाभिधायिनः अलिङ्गसंख्याशक्तय उच्चावचेष्वर्थेषु निपतन्तीत्यव्ययविशेषा एव चादयो निपाताः । He gives six varieties of them, viz. विध्यर्थ, अर्थवादार्थ, अनुवादार्थ, निषेधार्थ, विधिनिषेधार्थ and अविधिनिषेधार्थ, and mentions more than a thousand of them. For details see Bhartrhari's Vakyapadiya II. 189-206.
निपातद्योतकत्व the view that the nipatas and the upasargas too, as contrasted with nouns,pronouns and other indeclinables, only indicate the sense and do not de- note it; this view, as grammarians say, was implied in the Mahabha- sya and was prominently given in the Vakyapadiya by Bhartrhari which was followed by almost all later grammarians. See निपात.
निपातन a word given, as it appears, without trying for its derivation,in authoritative works of ancient gra- mmarians especially Panini;cf.दाण्डि- नायनहास्तिनयनo P. VI.4.174, as also अचतुरविचतुरo V.4.77 etc. etc. The phrase निपातनात्सिद्धम् is very frequen- tly used by Patanjali to show that some technical difficulties in the formation of a word are not some- times to be taken into considera- tion, the word given by Panini being the correct one; cf. M.Bh.on I.1.4, III.1.22 etc. etc.; cf also the usual expression बाधकान्येव निपात- नानि. The derivation of the word from पत् with नि causal, is suggest- ed in the Rk Pratisakhya where it is stated that Nipatas are laid down or presented as such in manifold senses; cf R. Pr.XII.9; cf also घातुसाधनकालानां प्राप्त्यर्थं नियमस्य च । अनुबन्घविकाराणां रूढ्यर्थ च निपातनम् M. Bh Pradipa on P. V.1.114: cf.also M. Bh. on II.1.27.
निपातनस्वर the accent, with which the
Nipatana word is expressed in the Sutra, which is said to prevail over the accent which ordinarily should be possessed by the word; cf. स निपातनस्वरः प्रकृतिस्वरस्य बाधको भविष्यति M.Bh. on P.I.1.56 Vart. 23; cf. also M.Bh. on I.3.3, VI.1.123 etc. .
निपातानर्थकत्व the view prominently expressed by the Varttikakara that nipatas do not possess any sense, which was modified by Bhartrhari who stated that they do possess sense which, of course, is indicated and not expressed. See निपात.
निपाताव्ययोपसर्गवृत्तिa short treatise explaining and illustrating the use of indeclinables, written by a grammarian named तिलक who probably lived in Kasmira.
निमद् a mode of utterance of words at the performance of a sacrifice. Seven such modes are given in the Taittiriya Pratisakhya; cf. उपांशुध्वान- निमदोपव्दिमन्मन्द्रमध्यमताराणि T.Pr.XXIII. 5
निमित्त (1) the formal cause of a gra- mmatical operation; cf. निमित्ताभावे नैमित्तिकस्याप्यभाव; given as a Pari- bhasa by many grammarians like Vyadi, Siradeva and others; cf. also प्रकृत्युपपदोपाधयो निमित्तं प्रत्ययेा निमित्ती M.Bh. on III.1.1 Vart. 2; (2) distinguishing sign यः प्रेक्षापूर्वकारी भवति स: अध्रुवेण निमित्तेन ध्रुवं निमित्तमुपादत्ते वेदिकां पुण्डरीकं वा, M.Bh. on I.1.26 Vart.5.
निमित्तसप्तमी locative case, used in the sense of a cause as prescribed by निमित्तात्कर्मसंयोगे, P. II.3 36 Vart. 6 and illustrated by the usually quoted verse चर्मणि द्वीपिनं हन्ति दन्तयोर्हन्ति कुञ्जरम् । केशेषु चमरीं हन्ति सीम्नि पुष्कलको हत: M.Bh.on II.3.36 Vart. 6, also cf. Kas. on P. I.1.57.
निमित्तापायपरिभाषा a popular name given by grammarians to the maxim निमित्तापाये नैमित्तिकस्याप्यपायः,. a
नेविगेशन पर जाएँ खोज पर जाएँ