विकिस्रोतः तः
नेविगेशन पर जाएँ खोज पर जाएँ
पुटमेतत् सुपुष्टितम्

applied to the words स्त्री and पुंस् in senses given from P. IV. 1.92 to V. 2.1 e. g. स्त्रैणं, पौंस्नम् cf. IV. 1.87.

नकार the consonant न to which the vowel अ and the affix कार are added for facility of utterance; e. g. तथा नकार उदये नकारे R. Pr. IV.; cf. V. Pr. I. 17, 21.

नङ् krt affix न applied to the roots यज्, याच्, यत् and others in the sense of verbal activity; e. g. यज्ञ; याञ्चा, यत्नः etc. cf. P. III. 3.90, 91. See न (5).

नजिङ् krt. affix नज् applied to the roots स्वप्, तृष् and धृष् in the sense of 'habituated' e. g. स्वप्नक् धृष्णक् ; See Kas. on P. III. 2.172.

नञ् the negative particle ( नञ् ) which possesses the six senses which are sketched as सादृश्यं तदभावश्च तदन्यत्वं तदल्पता । अप्राशस्त्यं विरोधश्च नञर्थाः षट् प्रकीर्तिताः and which are res- pectively illustrated by the examples अनिक्षुः शरः, भूतले घटो नास्ति, अघट: पट:, अनुदरमुदरं तरुण्याः, अब्राह्मणो वार्धुषिकः and असुर: दैत्य: । See न (6).

नञ्तत्पुरुष a compound with न as its first member which is changed into अ or अन्, or remains unchanged, the indeclinable न (नञ् ) possessing any one of the six senses given above under न (6); e. g अब्राह्मणः, अनश्वः, नमुचिः etc.; cf. P. VI. 3 73-77.

नञ्समास a compound with न (नञ् ) as its first member; the term is found used in the Mahabhasya for both the नञ्तत्पुरुष as well as the नञ्बहुव्रीहि compounds; cf. M.Bh. on P.I.4.1 Vart. 19, also on P. II.1.1.

नञ्स्वरबलीयस्त्व the superiority, or strength of the accent caused by नञ्समास which sets aside the accent caused by the case affix; cf. विभक्तिस्वरान्नञ्स्वरो बलीयान् P. VI. 2.158 Vart. 13,

नडादि (l) a class of words headed by the word नड to which the tad.affix आयन ( फक् ) is added in the sense of गोत्र ( grandchild and further descendants); e. g, नाडायनः, चारायणः; cf. Kas. on P. IV.1. 99; (2) a class of words headed by नड to which the affix ईय (छ) is added, together with the augment क placed after the word and before the affix, in the four senses prescribed in P. IV.2. 67-70; e.g. नडकीयम् , प्लक्षकीयम् ; cf. Kas. on P. IV. 2. 91.

नत cerebralized; changed into ण्. The change of the consonant न् into ण् is called नति in the old Pratisakhya works; cf. स्पर्शे वोष्मणि चानते R. Pr. IV. 11.

नति lit.inclination, bending down; the word is used generally in the tec- hnical sense of 'cerebralization' but applied to the change of न् into ण् as also that of स् into ष्; cf. दन्त्यस्य मूर्धन्यापत्तिर्नतिः, V. Pr.I. 42. The root नम् is used in the sense of 'cere- bralizing ' or 'being cerebraliz- ed' very frequently in the Pratisa- khya works; e.g. the word नम्यते is used in the sense of 'is cerebra- lized'; नमयति in the sense of 'cerebralizes' and नामिंन् in the sense of 'causing cerebralization'; cf. ऋकारादयो दश नामिन: स्वराः, पूर्वो नन्ता नतिषु नम्यमुत्तरम् R. Pr. I. 27.

नदी a technical term applied in Panini's grammar to words in the feminine gender ending in ई and ऊ excep- ting a few like स्त्री,श्री, भ्रू and others; it is optionally applied to words ending in इ and उ, of course in the fem. gender, before case affix- es of the dative, ablative, genitive and locative sing. The term was probably in use before Panini and was taken from the fem. word नदी which was taken as a model. Very