son or vow or frequency of action is conveyed, or to the root मन्, with a substantive as उपपद e. g- उष्णभोजी, शीतभोजी, उष्ट्रकोशी, ध्वाङ्क्षरावीः स्थण्डिलशायी, अश्राद्धभोजीः क्षीरपायिण उशीनराः; सौवीर- पायिणो वाह्रीकाः: दर्शनीयमानी, शोभनीयमानी, cf. P. III.2.78-82; (4) applied to the root यज् preceded by a word referring to the करण of यागफल as also to the root हन् preceded by a word forming the object ( कर्मन् ) of the root हन् , the words so formed re- ferring to the past tense: e. g. अग्निष्टो याजी, पितृव्याघाती, cf. P. III 2.85, 86; (5) applied to a root when the word so formed refers to a kind of necessary activity or to a debtor; cf. अवश्यंकारी, शतंदायी, सहस्रदायी cf. P. III.4. 169-170: (6) tad-affix इन् , causing vrddhi for the first vowel, applied to the words काश्यप and कौशिक referring to ancient sages named so, as also to words which are the names of the pupils of कलापि or of वैशम्पायन, as also to the words शुनक, वाजसनेय etc. in the sense of 'students learning what has been traditionally spoken by those sages' e. g. काश्यपिनः, ताण्डिनः, हरिद्रविणः शौनकिनः, वाजसनेयिनः etc.; cf P. IV.3, 103 104, 106; (7) applied to words forming the names of ancient sages who are the speakers of ancient Brahmana works in the sense of 'pupils studying those works' as also to words form- ing the names of sages who com- posed old Kalpa works in the sense of those कल्प works; e. g. भाल्लविनः, एतरेयिणः । पैङ्गी कल्पः अरुणपराजी कल्पः; cf Kas. on P. IV. 3.105: (8) applied to the words पाराशर्य and शिला- लिन् in the sense of 'students read- ing the Bhiksusutras (of पाराशार्य) and the Nata sutras ( of शिलालिन् ) res- pectively; e. g. पाराशरिणो भिक्षव:, शैला- लिनो नटाः: cf Kas. on P. IV.3.110.
णिलोप elision of the affix णि (णिच् or णिङ् see above ) before an ardhadh- tuka affix without the augrnent इ ( इट् ) prefixed to it; cf. णेरनिटि P. VI. 4.51, and VI.4.52, 53, 54 also.
णुट् augment ण्, prefixed to the ini- tial vowel when it follows upon the consonant ण् at the end of the preceding word; e. g. सुगण्णीशः for सुगण् + ईशः cf P. VIII. 3.82.
णोपदेश a root mentioned in the Dhatupatha by Panini as beginn- ing with ण् which subsequently is changed to न् ( by P. VI. 1.65) in all the forms derived from the root; e. g. the roots णम, णी and others. In the case of these roots the initial न् is again changed into ण् after a prefix like प्र or परा having the letter र् in it and having a vowel or a consonant of the guttural or labial class inter- vening between the letter र् and the letter न्; e. g. प्रणमति, प्रणयकः etc. cf. Kas. on P. VIII. 4.14.
णौपाद a popular name given to the fourth pada of the seventh Adhya- ya of Panini's Astadhyayi, which begins with the rule णौ चङ्युपघाया ह्रस्त्रः P. VII. 4.1.
ण्य tad.affix य (l) applied in the sense of 'descendant' as also in a few other senses, mentioned in rules from IV. 1. 92 to IV.3.168, applied to the words दिति, अदिति, अादित्य and word; with पति as the उत्तरपद in a compound, c. g. दैत्यः, आदित्यः, प्राजापत्यम् etc. cf.Kas.on P. IV.1 84; (2) applied in the sense of a descen- dant ( अपत्य ) applied to the words कुरु, गर्ग, रथकार, कवि, मति, दर्भ etc., e.g- कौरव्यः, गार्ग्यः etc. cf. Kas:, on P. IV. I.15I ; (3) applied in the sense of अपत्य or descendant to words end- ing in सेना,to the word लक्षण and to words in the sense of artisans, e.g-