काशादि a class of words headed by the word काश to which the taddhita affix इल is affixed in the four senses stated in P.IV.2.67-70 e.g. काशिलम्, कर्दमिलम् etc.; cf. Kāś. on P.IV.2.80.
काशिका (1) name given to the reputed gloss (वृत्ति) on the Sūtras of Pāṇini written by the joint authors.Jayā- ditya and Vāmana in the 7th century A.D. Nothing definitely can be said as to which portion was written by Jayāditya and which by Vamana, or the whole work was jointly written. Some scholars believe that the work was called Kāśikā as it was written in the city of Kāśī and that the gloss on the first five Adhyāyas was written by Jayāditya and that on the last three by Vāmana. Although it is written in a scholarly way, the work forms an excellent help to beginners to understand the sense of the pithy Sūtra of Pāṇini. The work has not only deserved but obtained and maintained a very prominent position among stu- dents and scholars of Pāṇini's gram- mar in spite of other works like the Bhāṣāvṛtti, the Prakriyā Kaumudi, the Siddhānta Kaumudi and others written by equally learned scholars. Its wording is based almost on the Mahābhāṣya which it has followed, avoiding, of course, the scholarly disquisitions occurring here and there in the Mahābhāṣya. It ap- pears that many commentary works were written on it, the well- known among them being the Kāśi- kāvivaraṇapañjikā or Nyāsa written by Jinendrabuddhi and the Pada- mañjari by Haradatta. For details see Vyākaraṇamahābhāṣya Vol.VII pp 286-87 published by the D. E. 15
Society, Poona. ( 2 ) The name Kāśikā is sometimes found given to their commentaries on sta- ndard works of Sanskrit Grammar by scholars, as possibly they were written at Kāśī; as for instance, (a) Kāśikā on Vaiyākaraṇabhūṣaṇa- sāra by Hari Dīkṣita, and ( b ) Kāśikā on Paribhāṣenduśekhara by Vaidyanātha Pāyaguṇḍe.
काशिकाविवरणपञ्जिका also called Nyāsa, the well-known commentary written by Jinendrabuddhi on the Kāśikā of Jayāditya and Vāmana. See Kāśikā above.
काशिकावृत्तिसार a commentary on the Kāśikāvṛtti named अमृतसूति by Vāraṇāvateśa-śāstrin.
काश्यप name of an ancient gramma- rian quoted by Pāṇini, possibly an author of some Prātiśākhya work now lost.
काश्यपीवृत्ति name of a gloss on the Cāndra Vyākaraṇa.
काश्यादि a class of words headed by the words काशि, चेदि and others to which the taddhita affixes ठञ् and ञिठ are added in the miscellaneous senses; e.g. काशिकी, काशिका; वैदिकी, वैदिका etc.; cf. Kāś. on P. IV. 2.116. The fem. afix ई is applied when the affix ठञ् is added to the word काशि; cf. P. IV. 1.15.
काष्ठादि a class of words headed by the word काष्ठ after which a word standing as a second member in a compound gets the grave accent for it,e. g. काष्ठाध्यापकः, परमाध्यापक etc. cf. P. VIII.1.67.
कि (I) kṛt affix इ prescribed after धु roots with a prefix attached;e.g.प्रदिः प्रधिः cf. P.III.3.92, 93; (2) kṛt affix इ looked upon as a perfect termina- tion and, hence, causing reduplica- tion and accusative case of the noun connected, found in Vedic
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