पृष्ठम्:A Sanskrit primer (1901).djvu/९५

विकिस्रोतः तः
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एतत् पृष्ठम् अपरिष्कृतम् अस्ति


Lesson XIX. 79 Neuter: Dual. Sing. TE Plural. तानि N. A. 1. äta ताभ्याम् QĦ etc., as in the masculine. D0000 229. The nom. sing. masc. HE, and its compound Vora, lose their final # before any consonant; before vowels, and at the end of a sentence, they follow the usual euphonic rules. Thus, a 9- mra, a fagfa; ofa; # sefa; rofa Fi. 230. The third personal pronoun is used oftenest as a weak or indefinite demonstrative, especially as antecedent to a relative; and often like the English - definite article.” 231. Like ñ are declined: (a) ga, this', formed by prefixing Q to the forms of a, throughout; thus, nom. sing. m. PTÆ, f. VAT, n. Daz; (b) the relative pronoun (and adj.) y, wbich, who'; (c) comparatives and superlatives from pronominal roots, such as wat, which (of the two)?' and 27a wbich (of the many)?' So यतर and यतम; एकतम ‘one of many'; अन्य ‘other', with its comparative palat; and at different '. — Yet other words are so inflected, but with WA instead of u in nom.-acc.-voc. sing. neut: as, Fa, fat, 'all’; van 'one', in pl. “some’; 37727, f. ozit (only sing. and pl.), “both’. 232. The interrogative pronoun ā (for which the Hindus give the base as fa) follows precisely the declension of q, except nom.-acc. sing. neut. faft; nom. sing. m. 7, f. 27. 233. A number of words follow the pronominal declension in some of their significations, or optionally; but in other senses, or without known rule, lapse into the adjective infection. Such are comparatives and superlatives from prepositional stems, as TYT flower', अधम ‘lowest'; पर chief', पूर्व ‘earlier', उत्तर ‘upper', Univ Calif - Digitized by Microsoft ®