पृष्ठम्:A Sanskrit primer (1901).djvu/७०

विकिस्रोतः तः
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एतत् पृष्ठम् अपरिष्कृतम् अस्ति


54 Lesson X. XI. (Use passive constructions throughout.) 20. Grain is scattered for the birds'. 21. Garlands' are twi- ned? (use qal) by the maidens? 22. Again? Hari' is praised by Rāma? 23. Vişņudrinks* water from his hand? 24. ‘Pleas- antly (paa) one sleeps in the shade?"; 804 says the people". 25. Both seers' sacrifice? 26. The father sets' hopes on his child: (loc.). 27. The scholar neglects the teachers' command? 28. The two scholars' think about their text-book (nom.). 29. Grain is sown in the fields". 30. They play? with dice? (impers. pass.). 31. The kingºscommands are received by the obedient servants*. 32. The man' digs in the field?. Little = Lesson XI. 178. Verbs. Imperfect Active, a-conjugation. The imperfect is formed from the present-stem by prefixing the augment #, and adding a set of secondary endings. 179. If the present-stem begin with a vowel, the augment unites - with it to form always the erddhi-vowel, not the guna: thus +7 'or or Q = t; ++ 3 or vi = ; H+ = TT. 180. If a preposition be prefixed, the augment comes between preposition and verb, as in Greek; thus, from 39-, impf.-stem 39792, i. e. 39 + 7 + 721; fa-ot, inipf.-stem qaz. (159! 181. The infection in the active is as follows: Sing. Dual. Plural. 1. अवदम् deudai | अवदाव devacha अवदाम doodhma | 2. अवदस doors अवदतम् inaughtalk अवदत doudhta 3. अवदत् deatut, अवदताम् deadataan अवदन doodhm_ 182. The inperfect is the tense of narration ; it expresses past time simply, without any further implication. 183. Polysyllabic Feminines in fi, declined like ateit, “river.' 11 Univ Calif - Digitized by Microsoft ®