पृष्ठम्:A Sanskrit primer (1901).djvu/१३०

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एतत् पृष्ठम् अपरिष्कृतम् अस्ति

114 Lesson XXVIII. ciple is made by adding the suffix a to the bare root; thus, yra from शा; जित from जि; क्षिप्त from क्षिप्; हत from K (or Kा); from an 294. If the root end in a consonant other than an, 7, 9, A, the ordinary rules of euphonic combination apply as follows: | 1. Final च् and ज् become क; thus, सिक्त from सिच्; युक्त from 9; aä from 2013. 2. Final a becomes q, after which, as also after radical final , a becomes ; thus, दृष्ट from दृश्ः दिष्ट from द्विष. सृष्ट and are made from Rs and 31, and gg from yf, contrary to 1. प्रकृ makes पुष्ट; and तत्, तष्टे. 3. Final y becomes 7, and H, a; and the following a be- comes ध; thus, वृद्ध froin दृ . र.ब्ध from लम् । 4. Final is treated in various ways, according to its bis- torical value. a. Sometimes a combines with a to form , before which short vowels (except ) are lengthened; thus, ut from गाह, लीढ from लिह, रूढ from रुहः मूढ from मुह; but दृढ from दृह. सह forms सोढ. b. Where g represents original घ् , the com- bination is ग्ध; thus, दग्ध from दह; दिग्ध from दि; दुग्ध from दुहु. The root मह fortuns also मुग्ध. ८. नेह, where है represents original y, makes 75. 295. The root before a usually has its weakest form, if there is any where in the verbal system a distinction of strong and weak forms. Thus: 1. A penultimate nasal is dropped; e. g., van from 13; ag from qal; Fa froin pie (or FTF); T from . 2. Roots which are abbreviated in the weak forms of the perfect suffer the same abbreviation here; e. g., ऊक्त from वच्, उप्त from वर्, सुप्त from स्वप्, ऊढ from वह इष्टfrom यज (the same form from इष); विद्ध from व्य; पृष्ट from प्र. 3. Final आ is weakened to ई in गीत from गा ‘sing', पीत from 1पा ‘drink'; to t in स्थित from स्था, हित from धा ‘put' (with धे also changed to ह), मित from UUS Om Univ Calif - Digitized by Microsoft ®